In: Vladimiro Sassone (Ed.): Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 3441: Foundations of Software Science and Computational Structures: 8th International Conference, FOSSACS 2005, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2005, Edinburgh, UK, April 4-8, 2005, pages 95-109. Springer-Verlag, 2005.
Abstract: We study the concept of choice for true concurrency models such as prime event structures and safe Petri nets. We propose a dynamic variation of the notion of cluster previously introduced for nets. This new object is defined for event structures, it is called a branching cell. Our aim is to bring an interpretation of branching cells as a right notion of "local state", for concurrent systems. We illustrate the above claim through applications to probabilistic concurrent models. In this respect, our results extends in part previous work by Varacca-Völzer-Winskel on probabilistic confusion free event structures. We propose a construction for probabilities over so-called locally finite event structures that makes concurrent processes probabilistically independent - simply attach a dice to each branching cell; dices attached to concurrent branching cells are thrown independently. Furthermore, we provide a true concurrency generalization of Markov chains, called Markov nets. Unlike in existing variants of stochastic Petri nets, our approach randomizes Mazurkiewicz traces, not firing sequences. We show in this context the Law of Large Numbers (LLN), which confirms that branching cells deserve the status of local state. Our study was motivated by the stochastic modeling of fault propagation and alarm correlation in telecommunications networks and services. It provides the foundations for probabilistic diagnosis, as well as the statistical distributed learning of such models.
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