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Performance evaluation of tandem and conventional AGV systems using generalized stochastic Petri nets.

Wang, H.P.B.; Hafeez, S.A.

In: International Journal of Production Research, Vol. 32, No. 4, pages 917-932. 1994.

Abstract: This paper investigates the different policies and concepts followed in the traffic management of automated guided vehicle (AGV) systems, and develops the controls for automatically eliminating potential vehicle conflicts in an AGV system. The planning of the AGV system is performed in such a way that there are no conflicts or deadlocks for the vehicles using stochastic Petri nets (SPNs). The major effort is devoted to determining the benefits of the tandem AGV control in comparison with the conventional AGV control method. SPNs have been used to model the different designs of flexible manufacturing systems (FMSs) and with different policies for the movement of material, vehicle path control, inventory planning and tool control. The SPN model is solved and the performance of the system can be evaluated. In this study, the effort is directed to model an FMS with two different types of AGV traffic management methods, namely the conventional and tandem AGV control. A SPN program is used which takes the FMS Petri net model as the input and evaluates the different properties of the Petri net. Finally the performance measures are obtained, which helps in evaluating and comparing the two different AGV traffic management methods.

Keywords: performance evaluation, stochastic Petri nets, tandem AGV systems.

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