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Towards a Modular Analysis of Coloured Petri Nets.

Christensen, Søren; Petrucci, Laure

In: Jensen, K.: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 616; 13th International Conference on Application and Theory of Petri Nets 1992, Sheffield, UK, pages 113-133. Springer-Verlag, June 1992. Available at

Abstract: The use of different High-level Petri net formalisms has made it possible to create Petri net models of large systems. Even though the use of such models allows the modeller to create compact representations of data and action. The size of models has been increasing. A large model can make it difficult to handle the complexity of the modelling as well as the analysis of the total model. It is well-known that the use of a modular approach to modelling has a lot of advantages. A modular approach allows the modeller to consider different parts of the system independently of one another and also to reuse the same module in different systems. A modular approach to analysis is also attractive. It often dramatically decreases the complexity of the analysis task.

In this paper, we present modular CP-nets. They are not intended to be used for practical modelling purposes, but they constitute a formal and general framework for discussing different ways of composing individual CP-nets called modules. Modular CP-nets allow us to study composition without restricting the structure of the individual modules. Modular CP-nets are quite simple and do not include syntactical sugar which is convenient and often necessary when modelling in practice. Instead, they have only a few but very general composition constructs.

The main result of the paper is the possibility of composing analysis results of the individual modules, in order to obtain results which are valid for the entire modular-CP net. For this purpose, we introduce place invariants at the level of modular CP-nets and we show how such place invariants can be obtained from those of the individual modules. The reader of this paper is assumed to be familiar with the basic definitions of CP-nets and the concept of place invariants. But it is not necessary to be familiar with hierarchical CP-nets.

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